Machu Picchu Tours & Luxury Travel

Machu Picchu Tours & Peru Luxury Travel

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About Peru and Machu Picchu

Because of its rich cultural history, amazingly intact archaeological sites, human diversity, and a vast variety of environmental areas, Peru is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. You can enjoy the most amazing ancient city in the world – Machu Picchu, then bask on a gorgeous beach, followed by an Amazonian adventure, and fly over one of the driest areas in the world to view the out-of-this-world Nazca lines – all without ever crossing a border! You will find the Peruvian people to be welcoming and extremely proud of their rich history as well as their modern society. This is all the recipe for an unforgettable trip that you will not be able to stop talking about.

Most people’s main motivation for travelling to Peru is to see the historical wonder of Machu Picchu. Sitting high among the craggy hills of the Andes, half of the magic of this lost city is its mystical surroundings of lush jungle, staggering peaks, and the winding Urubamba River. This iconic site was built around 1450, many historians agree that it was built as an estate for the Inca Emperor Pachachuti as well as other Inca elites. An alternative explanation is that it was used as an agricultural testing station, as there are many terraces but the agricultural section was not large enough to sustain the city. It was abandoned about a century later after the Spanish conquest of Peru, though the Spanish never found and plundered the site due to its hidden location. Historians believe that the city was abandoned because of a traveler bringing smallpox to the location, wiping out most residents. It was discovered by accident by Hiram Bingham in 1911 who was actually looking for another site. From then on it has fascinated the whole world, attracting first many historians and anthropoligists and now hundreds of thousands of tourists every year.

Part of what makes Machu Picchu and all Inca architecture so interesting is their immaculate construction work. The most important buildings in Machu Picchu were built using the polished dry stone wall method without using mortar – meaning there is absolutely no space between the giant stones that make up the buildings. Because Machu Picchu is in a highly seismic area, it is very prone to earthquakes which the Incan engineers took into consideration. Their construction techniques not using mortar were earthquake-proof; the stones would move with the shifting earth and then fall back into place when it was done making the city safe from natural seismic hazards. Upon visiting, you guide will show you all of the spectacular structures and explain more about the history and theories behind Machu Picchu.